So how did it develop that -- only 24 hours after proposing a scheme of statewide reapportionment that forced 12 Republican state representatives into six districts -- the General Assemblys Democrats agreed to another plan that freed up all those GOP incumbents to run in friendly districts by themselves?
Unquestionably, one explanation is summoned up in the phrase ol boys club, the term used disgustedly by Nashville Tennessean columnist Larry Daughtrey
, who smells an Incumbent Protection Act in the final redistricting plan adopted with virtual unanimity last week
Yet another is that of fear of litigation. The redoubtable Memphis lawyer -- and Republican state committeeman -- John Ryder
was ready to go with a lawsuit had the majority House Democrats original plan been offered up for a vote (and, in fact, Ryder still hasnt totally renounced the idea of taking Speaker Jimmy Naifeh
and company to court.
But a third reason for the sea change -- largely unspoken to thus far -- concerns a crucial backroom game played by several Republican legislators from Memphis.
The story begins with the question of Senate reapportionment.
It is well known that State Senator Curtis Person
, who has been reelected to represent District 31 (East Memphis) in the legislature without opposition since the late Ô60s, wants to preserve that admirable record (probably a nationwide one) until the day he retires -- presumably well in the future, although one hears rumors about an exit after this term.
The general population shift that sees Memphis and its environs yielding influence to other parts of the state -- notably Nashville and its suburbs -- made it appear after the 2000 census that Shelby County would have to sacrifice one of its six state Senate seats. Given the reality of Democratic control of the legislature, that meant the probability that a Republican senator from Shelby would have to be sacrificed.
There were only two -- Person and freshman senator Mark Norris
(District 32), and the Democrats first plan did indeed place the two of them in the same proposed new district, forcing a showdown between an esteemed veteran and a well-regarded newcomer whose old district would have accounted for fully 65 percent of the new one, geographically.
Who would have won? You pays your money, and you takes your choice.
But, since Person was chairman of the GOPs reapportionment committee and Norris was a member, and both therefore had a real chance to influence the final lines, they did their best to see that no such choice became necessary.
Person in particular is given credit for working out a different arrangement with Gallatins Senator Jo Ann Graves
, chairman of the whole Senate reaaportionment committee.
The new plan retained the general framework of six state Senate seats for Shelby county, though it did so by moving both Persons and Norris districts eastward and extending Norris, which already incorporated Tipton and Lauderdale counties into Dyer County as well.
So far, so good.
Until the House Democrats revealed their flagrantly gerrymandered plan, week before last, that would have forced the aforesaid dozen Republicans to halve themselves via mortal combat.
Three of the potentially affected Republican state representatives inhabited the same reaches of Shelby County as did Norris and Person. These were Tre Hargett
(District 97) and Bubba Pleasant
(District 99), both of Bartlett, and Paul Stanley
(District 96) of Germantown and Cordova.
Because the countys population loss, both absolute and relative to their counties, seemed to dictate the loss of a Shelby seat in the House, all these relatively junior Republicans were at risk.
The decision by their colleague Larry Scroggs
(District 94), also of Germantown, to forsake reelection and seek the office of county mayor instead seemed at first to provide an escape clause, in that Scroggs seat could be, in effect, deleted (actually, shifted to the Shelby-Tipton border), thereby taking up all the slack and leaving the incumbents safe.
The initial Democratic plan was a standard that flew in the face of such logic. The first version had Hargett and Pleasant wedged in together; a revised version put Hargett in with Stanley. Both versions were in tune with the Democrats underlying logic -- to displace as many troublesome Republicans as possible, while leaving the clubbier, more bipartisan specimens alone.
Hargett was the fly the House Democrats wanted out of the ointment in Shelby County, and both configurations of the original plan inconvenienced him accordingly.
The ambitious Bartlett Republican had not become a gadfly to the majority by virtue of his passiveness, however, and once again he declined to be docile. Hargett, who thought seriously last year of challenging Rep. Steve McDaniels
of Parkers Crossroads for the post of House minority leader, let it be known that, as long as he was forced to compete with a fellow Republican, he might as well try to promote himself to the other chamber.
He would, in short, run for the Senate against the no longer inviolable Person -- let the chips, and the votes, fall where they way.
No sooner did that prospect percolate throughout the state Capitol than Senators Person and Norris were paying a courtesy visit to House Speaker Jimmy Naifeh. No transcript of the visit exists, but not long afterward the new -- and final --House reapportionment plan emerged, with its roster of six gladiatorial combats involving 12 incumbent Republicans no longer on the bill.
The legislature being what it is -- a go-along to get-along body -- Rep. Hargett may have rubbed a few in both parties the wrong way. But the legislature also respects power plays, and Hargett got away with one last week. Bigtime.